No Longer At Ease

Chinua Achebe
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Summary

Chapter 4

Summary Chapter 4

Analysis

This chapter highlights the differences between Obi and his fellow countrymen on his return from England. First, there are the mistakes Obi makes at his reception. First he arrives informally dressed and then he speaks in an informal English. Obi does not realize that he must dress a certain way and because it is hot, he simply wears short sleeves. He speaks English with less formality (an English of "is" and "was") because he is used to the language, and it is not strange to his tongue. Obi has gone away for just under four years, and it is apparent that there are things he has forgotten, rules he has missed out on learning, and discrepancies in his and his countrymen's beliefs and customs.

There is also the issue of how others treat him because of his English education. The Umuofian Progressive Union is proud of their "son," who has brought status to Umuofia because of his studies. There are actions, however, that surprise Obi and that he is not happy with. He cannot understand, for instance, why he cannot stay with his good friend instead of a hotel booked by the Union. It is surprising to Joseph that someone of Obi's new status would even want to share a room where he lives. Because the young man who returns from England almost immediately has a new post and occupies a new class in society, the Union and others look down upon such things to Obi's discontent. Furthermore, Joseph is also surprised that Obi wants to eat Nigerian food, when Obi is, in fact, starving for Nigerian food and even nostalgic for it, being tired of English food.

Another subject that arises once again in this chapter is that of bribery. At Obi's reception, the chairman of the UPU asks Obi whether he has been offered a job by the government. The Vice President says that he will have no problem getting a job because he has just come home from England and then says that, were it not for that, he would have suggested that they "see" someone. To "see" someone, obviously means to offer someone a bribe. Moreover, the very same people that are appalled at Obi's behavior (at the beginning of the novel after the trial) also appear to participate, hypocritically, in bribery. They later claim not to have accepted such behavior from someone with an education like his. The conflict of what Obi feels and does in opposition to what is expected of him comes strongly to the fore of the novel, and while it has always been present, it is illustrated heavily in this chapter.

The presence of the European in Nigeria is also quite apparent in this chapter. The restaurant Obi and Joseph go to is owned by an English woman. It is important to note that Achebe's description of the old, loud, bossy, and fumbling, Englishwoman is anything but flattering. The restaurant is not only owned by a European but is also populated mostly by them. This will recur over and over again in the novel. Achebe does this to illustrate the extent of the colonialist's hand, scope, influence, and mere presence in Africa.