This term refers to a characteristic coded for by the non-sex chromosomes which is expressed in an organism whether the alleles are the same or different.
Alkaline fluid secreted by the liver and responsible for emulsification of lipids, thereby facilitating digestion
A necessarily vague term used to describe countries with employment patterns, diet, activity profiles, and other features characteristic of post-industrial economies such as are found in Western Europe and North America
When a pair of genes determining a particular characteristic are different from each other, we describe the individual in which the genes occur as "heterozygous"
The major plasma lipoproteins are separated and identified by physical properties (size and density) following ultracentrifugation
When both members of a pair of genes are the same, they are "homozygous."
The presence of abnormally high concentrations of fats in the blood
Any disease of the muscles; myopathy secondary to HMG CoA reductase inhibitors is characterized by muscular discomfort, stiffness, and weakness
A condition characterized by abnormal loss of proteins in the urine, resulting in reduced levels of serum proteins, including albumin, and causing generalized swelling
A disease or characteristic's "prevalence" refers to the number of individuals with that disease or characteristic at a certain point in time
The "phenotype" of an organism refers to an observable characteristic resulting from the complex interaction between genes and the environment; in contrast, an organism's "genotype" is its set of genes as they exist in the DNA--not as they are expressed.
Saturated, monounsaturated, and polyunsaturated fatty acids are defined by common biochemical structural elements--specifically, the number of double bonds in their molecular structure
A disease or disorder that is caused by a preceding disease in the same individual
The fluid that separates from clotted blood; serum is similar in composition to plasma, but lacks fibrinogen and other substances that are used in the coagulation process