What prompted the British government to begin aggressive taxation of the colonies?
Britain realized that supporting the colonies was getting expensive. British troops protected the colonies against attack, and the cost of the French and Indian War only mounted. The Crown decided that the colonies should begin to carry some of the burden of their defense.
Why did the British not understand the colonists' vehement objections to the Stamp Act?
The British government saw the Stamp Act as an exceedingly progressive form of taxation as it taxed colonies in proportion to their wealth. However, the government missed the larger issue, which was that the colonies did not want Britain to be able to take anything with their consent.
What did Adams mean when he said "No taxation without representation"?
Adams argued not that America should remain tax-free, but that the colonies should have a voice in the shaping of monetary policies that affected them. That way, they could at least be ensured that their arguments had been heard, even if the eventual outcome did not change.