An Act sponsored by Henry Clay that sent the government's surplus
tax revenue back to the states on an equalized basis. Polk objected
to the bill because it actually only gave the money as a loan.
Therefore, the states might be liable for repaying the money later.
Fifty-Four, Forty or Fight
Polk's expansionist campaign slogan, a reference to
the 54th parallel, the Alaskan border. The U.S. claimed that the
Oregon territory stretched all the way up through Canada.
Manifest Destiny was a phrase used by politicians in
the 1840s to explain and justify continental expansion by the United
States all the way across to the Pacific Ocean. By giving the country
a "mission"–to expand the liberties and freedom of America all the
way across the country–they were able to garner support for Westward
expansion, the Mexican War, and other expansionist ideas.
The Doctrine, put in place by President James Monroe
which stated that European interference in the affairs of the Americas would
not be tolerated.
A financial tool developed by President Martin Van
Buren that would place all the government's money in a government depository
to prevent a crunch like the one in effect when he assumed office.
The sub-treasury, though, would not be passed until Polk's administration,
however, with the passing of the Independent Treasury Act of 1846.
An amendment to a bill that granted Polk the money
to buy New Mexico and California from Mexico, the Wilmot Proviso prevented
slavery in the new territories. The bill failed to pass because
of the Proviso, thereby prolonging the Mexican War.