Arthur Wesley Dow
Influenced by Impressionism and Oriental art, Dow (1857–1922) became a great artist and influential art educator by advocating the achievement of beauty and balance in composition, not solely the replication of nature. He also promoted arts and crafts, stating that they are just as important as fine arts.
Hamilton came to work for Georgia in 1973 and eventually became her companion, and student. He also helped her when she aged and represented her, to the dissatisfaction of some of her friends who viewed him as an intruder who was taking advantage of her. Nevertheless, O’Keeffe defended Hamilton and his relationship with her, saying that he came when she needed him.
Author of Concerning the Spiritual in Art, Kandinsky was famous for experimenting with abstraction. He had a significant role in the development of abstract art in the early 20th century.
A friend of O’Keeffe since they met at the Art Students League in 1914, Pollitzer kept in close contact with Georgia through the rest of her life. Her letters reveal a more intimate view of Georgia’s life than many other sources. Pollitzer eventually became an influential leader in the women’s rights movement.
Artist and photographer Alfred Stieglitz (1864-1946) produced many famous photographs of New York City and was an instrumental figure in the avant-garde of early American photography. He was active with the Camera Club of New York, edited the journal Camera Notes, published the journal Camera Work,and established the Photo-Secession group. As the director of the 291 gallery, and later the galleries An Intimate Gallery and An American Place, he created a meeting and exhibition space for modern artists by introducing works by upstarts such as Picasso and Matisse at a time when their art was rejected by mainstream art institutions.