full title Go Set a Watchman
author Harper Lee
type of work Novel
genre Southern drama; Prodigal child returning home; race relations
time and place written Mid-1950s, New York City
date of first publication July 2015
narrator The narrator is anonymous, but the story is from the perspective of Jean Louise the whole time.
point of view The narrator speaks in the third person, focusing almost exclusively on what Jean Louise sees and hears. Sometimes, the narrator slips into free indirect discourse, presenting Jean Louise’s thoughts. When the narrator presents a flashback, it is still in the third person, even though the flashbacks always occur in Jean Louise’s head.
tone In the first half of the novel, wistful, nostalgic, somewhat sarcastic, fairly lighthearted; as the novel progresses, bitter, disillusioned, even more nostalgic,
setting (time) Mid-1950s
setting (place) Maycomb, Alabama
protagonist Jean Louise Finch
major conflict Jean Louise sees her father, Atticus, voluntarily attending a meeting of an organization promoting white supremacy and racism. Jean Louise had always upheld Atticus as a paragon of moral excellence, and his hypocrisy stuns her.
rising action Jean Louise compares her childhood in Maycomb to the present situation and feels as though all of the values that Atticus has taught her have been undermined by his hypocritical actions.
climax Uncle Jack slaps Jean Louise to make her recognize that Atticus is neither a god-like paragon nor a horrible hypocrite, but merely a normal human being.
falling action Jean Louise snaps out of her rage and realizes that she has reacted irrationally to Atticus’s behavior, and instead of feeling as though her idol has betrayed her forever, Jean Louise can finally see that human beings are deeply complex and fall on a long spectrum between good and evil.
themes The Pervasiveness of Hypocrisy. The Depth of Family Ties
motifs Flashbacks. Individual Versus Group
symbols Watchman. Cars.
foreshadowing Atticus’s arthritis and physical deficiencies foreshadow his moral imperfection; the scene in which Atticus plants the seed of Henry’s idea to help Jean Louise foreshadows Uncle Jack’s eventual success at changing Jean Louise’s mind about Atticus; the scene in which the black community rallies around Calpurnia’s family foreshadows the flashback in which the students at school support Jean Louise against injustice; the very quickly careening car filled with a crowd of young black people foreshadows racial tensions and changes occurring in race relations in the South.